Nephrotoxicity and highly active antiretroviral therapy: Mitigating action of.
Toxicol Rep. 2018 ;5:1153-1160. Epub 2018 Sep 20. PMID: 30627515
() is known for its antioxidant and antidiabetic properties. The aim of this study is to investigate the renoprotective effects ofin rats following treatment with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) regimen triplavar. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 178.1-220.5 g (n = 36) were divided into six groups (A-F) with each group comprising of six (n = 6) rats. The drugs and extract were administered via oral gavage. The therapeutic dose of triplavar was adjusted using the human therapeutic dose equivalent for the rat model. Animals were euthanized on the tenth week with kidneys removed for examination and blood obtained via cardiac puncture. Levels of oxidative stress enzymes (superoxide dismutase-SOD, catalase-CAT, and reduced glutathione-GSH) were significantly lowered in all groups not receiving. The levels of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) were increased resulting in free radical formation via auto-oxidation. Renal parameters showed no albuminuria, normal blood urea nitrogen (BUN), serum creatinine (SCr) and electrolytes in groups treated with. HAART treated (Group B) showed severe albuminuria, a significantly () raised BUN and SCr and gross electrolyte disturbances. Blood glucose levels were significantly raised in groups not receiving the adjuvant(). Histopathology in HAART treated animals showed glomerular capillary abnormalities and cellular infiltrations whiletreated animals showed an essentially normal glomerular appearance with capillary loops and normal cytoarchitecture. In conclusionextract administration improved blood glucose levels, restored renal histology, reinstate renal function, reduce body weight loss and restores hyperglycemia.