Neuroprotective effects of Foeniculum vulgare seeds extract on lead-induced neurotoxicity. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Neuroprotective effects of Foeniculum vulgare seeds extract on lead-induced neurotoxicity in mice brain.
Drug Chem Toxicol. 2018 Oct ;41(4):399-407. Epub 2018 May 9. PMID: 29742941
The present study investigates the neuroprotective effects of Foeniculum vulgare seeds in a lead (Pb)-induced brain neurotoxicity mice model. The dried seeds extract of Foeniculum vulgare was prepared with different concentrations of organic solvents (ethanol, methanol, n-hexane). The in vitro antioxidant activity of Foeniculum vulgare seed extracts was assessed through DPPH assay and the chemical composition of the extracts was determined by high-resolutionH NMR spectroscopy. The age-matched male Balb/c mice (divided into 9 groups) were administered with 0.1% Pb and 75% and 100% ethanol extracts of Foeniculum vulgare seeds at a dose of 200 mg/kg/day and 20 mg/kg/day. The maximum antioxidant activity was found for 75% ethanol extract, followed by 100% ethanol extract. Gene expression levels of oxidative stress markers (SOD1 and Prdx6) and the three isoforms of APP (APP common, 770 and 695), in the cortex and hippocampus of the treated and the control groups were measured. Significant increase in APP 770 expression level while a substantial decrease was observed for SOD1, Prdx6 and APP 695 expression in Pb-treated groups. Interestingly, the deranged expression levels were significantly normalized by the treatment with ethanolextracts of Foeniculum vulgare seeds (specifically at dose of 200 mg/kg/day). Furthermore, the Pb-induced morphological deterioration of cortical neurons was significantly improved by the ethanol extracts of Foeniculum vulgare seeds. In conclusion, the present findings highlight the promising therapeutic potential of Foeniculum vulgare to minimize neuronal toxicity by normalizing the expression levels of APP isoforms and oxidative stress markers.