Neuroprotective effects of paeonol in a cell model of Parkinson disease. - GreenMedInfo Summary
[Neuroprotective effects of paeonol in a cell model of Parkinson disease].
Zhejiang Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban. 2015 Jan ;44(1):30-6. PMID: 25851972
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of paeonol on neuron cell model of Parkinson disease (PD).
METHODS: The cell model of Parkinson disease was induced by treatment of 1-Methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+) in PC12 cells, the PD model cells were treated with 1μmol/L, 3 μmol/L or 9 μmol/L paeonol for 24h, respectively. Cell viability and LDH leakage were detected by MTT and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) assay; the apoptosis of PC12 cells was assessed by Hoechst 33258 staining and flow cytometry; reactive oxygen species (ROS) production was detected by DCFH-DA method; and the ratio of Bax/Bcl-2 and activation of caspase-3 were determined by Western blotting.
RESULTS: MPP+ treatment significantly reduced cell viability, increased LDH leakage, enhanced the proportion of apoptotic cells and ROS production. In addition, MPP+ treatment dramatically increased the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio, and the activation of caspase-3. Compared to PD model group, paeonol treatment significantly enhanced cell viability, decreased LDH leakage, inhibited the proportion of apoptotic cells and ROS production, reduced the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio and the activated caspase-3 protein.
CONCLUSION: Paeonol can prevent PC12 cells from apoptosis induced by MPP+, and the mechanism may be associated with the down-regulation of ROS production, Bax/Bcl-2 ratio and Caspase-3 activation.