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Abstract Title:

Nigellidine (, black-cumin seed) docking to SARS CoV-2 nsp3 and host inflammatory proteins may inhibit viral replication/transcription and FAS-TNF death signal via TNFR 1/2 blocking.

Abstract Source:

Nat Prod Res. 2021 Dec 22:1-6. Epub 2021 Dec 22. PMID: 34937447

Abstract Author(s):

Amrita Banerjee, Mehak Kanwar, Pradeep Kr Das Mohapatra, Luciano Saso, Marcello Nicoletti, Smarajit Maiti

Article Affiliation:

Amrita Banerjee

Abstract:

Tissue damage occurs in COVID-19 patients due to nsp3-induced Fas-FasL interaction/TNF-related apoptosis. Presently, possible therapeutic-drug, nigellidine against was screened by bioinformatics studies COVID-19. Atomic-Contact-Energy (ACE) and binding-blocking effects were explored of nigellidine (L.) in the active/catalytic sites of viral-protein nsp3 and host inflammatory/apoptotic signaling-molecules Fas/TNF receptors TNFR1/TNFR2. A control binding/inhibition of Oseltamivir to influenza-virus neuraminidase was compared here. In AutoDock, Oseltamivir binding-energy (BE) and inhibition-constant (KI) was -4.12 kcal/mol and 959.02. The ACE values (PatchDock) were -167.02/-127.61/-124.91/-122.17/-54.81/-47.07. The nigellidine BE/KI with nsp3 was -7.61 and 2.66, respectively (ACE values were -221.40/-215.62/-113.28). Nigellidine blocked FAS dimer by binding with a BE value of -7.41 kcal/mol. Its strongaffinities to TNFR1 (-6.81) and TNFR2 (-5.1) are demonstrated. Our present data suggest that nigellidine may significantly block the TNF-induced inflammatory/Fas-induced apoptotic death-signaling in comparison with a positive-control drug Oseltamivir. Further studies are necessary before proposing nigellidine as medical drug.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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