Nimbolide abrogates cerulein-induced chronic pancreatitis. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Nimbolide abrogates cerulein-induced chronic pancreatitis by modulatingβ-catenin/Smad in a sirtuin-dependent way.
Pharmacol Res. 2020 06 ;156:104756. Epub 2020 Mar 16. PMID: 32194177
Chronic pancreatitis (CP) is one of the leading causes of mortality worldwide with no clinically approved therapeutic interventions. The present study was designed to investigate the protective effect of nimbolide (NB), an active constituent of neem tree (Azadirachta indica), by targetingβ-catenin/Smad/SIRT1 in cerulein-induced CP model. The effects of NB was investigated on cerulein (50 μg/kg/hr*6 exposures /day, 3 days a week for 3 weeks) induced CP in mice. Amylase and lipase activity were measured and histopathological evaluation was performed. Collagen deposition in the pancreatic tissue was estimated by hydroxyproline assay, and collagen specific staining picrosirius red and Masson's trichrome. Cerulein-induced CP was significantly controlled by NB treatment, as shown by the downregulation of β-catenin/Smad signaling in a SIRT1 dependent manner. NB treatment significantly decreased α-SMA, MMP-2, collagen1a, fibronectin, TGF-β1, p-Smad-2/3 expression and extracellular matrix (ECM) deposition in pancreatic tissue. However, the protective effects of NB on cerulein-induced CP were undermined by nicotinamide (NMD) or splitomicin, sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) inhibitors treatment. NB treatment modulated protein expression by activating SIRT1 and decreasing the expression of β-catenin/Smad proteins in CP mice. However, the expression of SIRT1 in pancreatic tissue was elevated by NB treatment and it was decreased by NMD or splitomicin treatment. In summary, our results strongly suggest that NB exerted promising protective effects in cerulein-induced CP model by inhibiting β-catenin/Smad in a sirtuin-dependent manner, which could be attributed to its anti-inflammatory and antifibrotic effects. Our study suggests that NB could be an effective therapeutic interventionfor the treatment of CP.