Abstract Title:

Nimbolide induces cell death in T lymphoma cells: Implication of altered apoptosis and glucose metabolism.

Abstract Source:

Environ Toxicol. 2021 Apr ;36(4):628-641. Epub 2020 Dec 4. PMID: 33274819

Abstract Author(s):

Pradip Kumar Jaiswara, Vishal Kumar Gupta, Pratishtha Sonker, Shiv Govind Rawat, Rajan Kumar Tiwari, Chandramani Pathak, Santosh Kumar, Ajay Kumar

Article Affiliation:

Pradip Kumar Jaiswara


Nimbolide is a tetranortriterpenoid derived from the leaves and flowers of Azadirachta indica (Neem). It exhibits anticancer activity against a variety of cancers by modulating various crucial features, including cell proliferation, apoptosis, and invasion and metastasis. More importantly, the cytotoxic effect of nimbolide has also been observed against T cell lymphoma, but the underlying mechanisms are still unexplored. So far, no study has been conducted to observe the effect of nimbolide on cancer cell metabolism. Therefore, the present investigation was designed to explore the molecular mechanisms of the antitumor potential of nimbolide against T cell lymphoma, a neoplastic disorder of thymic origin. In addition, we also unraveled the anti-glycolytic activity of nimbolide against T lymphoma cells with possible molecular mechanisms. Our results showed the cytotoxic action of nimbolide against three different cell lines of T cell lymphoma, namely Dalton's lymphoma, HuT-78, and J6. Nimbolide-induced apoptosis in T lymphoma cells by altering the level of reactive oxygen species, p53, Bcl2, Bax, and cytochrome c, with subsequent cleavage of caspase 3. Remarkably, nimbolide inhibited the expression of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α, glucose transporter 3, hexokinase II, and pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase 1, which led to the suppression of glycolysis with concomitant activation of oxidative phosphorylation. Hence, the results of the present investigation demonstrate that nimbolide exerts tumoricidal activity against T lymphoma cells via augmentation of apoptosis and reversal of altered cell metabolism. Thus, the present study provides a new insight for the therapeutic utilization of nimbolide against T cell lymphoma.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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