Nothofagin suppresses mast cell-mediated allergic inflammation. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Nothofagin suppresses mast cell-mediated allergic inflammation.
Chem Biol Interact. 2019 Jan 25 ;298:1-7. Epub 2018 Oct 28. PMID: 30392763
Mast cells play a major role in immunoglobulin E-mediated allergic inflammation, which is involved in asthma, atopic dermatitis, and allergic rhinitis. Nothofagin has been shown to ameliorate various inflammatory responses such as the septic response and vascular inflammation. In this study, we assessed the inhibitory effect of nothofagin on allergic inflammation using cultured/isolated mast cells and an anaphylaxis mouse model. Nothofagin treatment prevented histamine andβ-hexosaminidase release by reducing the influx of calcium into the cytosol in a concentration-dependent manner. Nothofagin also inhibited the gene expression and secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-4 by downregulating the phosphorylation of Lyn,Syk, Akt and nuclear translocation of nuclear factor-κB. To confirm these effects of nothofagin in vivo, we used a passive cutaneous anaphylaxis mouse model. Topical administration of nothofagin suppressed local pigmentation and ear thickness. Taken together, these results suggest nothofagin as apotential candidate for the treatment of mast cell-involved allergic inflammatory diseases.