Abstract Title:

Evaluation of hypocholesterolemic effect of oleuropein in cholesterol-fed rats.

Abstract Source:

Chem Biol Interact. 2016 May 25 ;252:54-60. Epub 2016 Mar 23. PMID: 27019295

Abstract Author(s):

Fatma Hadrich, Asma Mahmoudi, Zouhaier Bouallagui, Ines Feki, Hiroko Isoda, Bruno Feve, Sami Sayadi

Article Affiliation:

Fatma Hadrich


Oleuropein, which is the major compound of olive leaves, has been reported to exert several pharmacological properties, including anti-cancer, antidiabetic and anti-atherosclerotic activities. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of oleuropein on adiponectin level in high cholesterol diet (HCD) induced obesity in rat and the molecular mechanism underlying its activation. Our results showed that orally administered oleuropein (50 mg/kg) by gavage for 8 weeks decreased the body weight, adipose tissue mass and triglyceride and attenuated steatosis in liver. Moreover, the effect of oleuropein on adiponectin, an important hormone with fatty-acid oxidation properties, was evaluated and our data illustrated that oleuropein supplementation increased serum adiponectin concentration. The effects of oleuropein on protein expression related to lipogenic genes were investigated and our results showed that its administration significantly inhibited peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ), sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1c (SREBP-1c) and fatty-acid synthase (FAS). In addition, oleuropein stimulated the HCD-induced inhibition of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) in epididymal adipose tissues. These results suggest that oleuropein exerts anti-obesity effects in HCD rats by activating AMPK and suppressing PPAR γ (Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ) expression in adipose tissues. These data provide that oleuropein has important implications for preventing obesity.

Study Type : Animal Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.