Abstract Title:

The anti-atherosclerotic effect of olive leaf extract is related to suppressed inflammatory response in rabbits with experimental atherosclerosis.

Abstract Source:

Eur J Nutr. 2008 Aug;47(5):235-43. Epub 2008 Jul 24. PMID: 18654736

Abstract Author(s):

Lihui Wang, Chengyan Geng, Liping Jiang, Dezheng Gong, Dayu Liu, Hiroyuki Yoshimura, Laifu Zhong


BACKGROUND: The anti-atherogenic effect of olive leaf extract is supposed to be related to its activities of anti-oxidation and anti-inflammation. AIM OF THE STUDY: To prove the effect of anti-atherosclerosis by olive leaf extract (OLE) and to elucidate the mechanism behind. METHODS: Twenty-four rabbits were assigned to the control, high lipid diet (HLD) and OLE group that were fed with standard diet, HLD and HLD supplemented with OLE, respectively. Serum levels of atherosclerosis related markers, triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (T-CHO), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and malondialdehyde (MDA) were detected at the ends of week 2, 4 and 6. Surface lesions and thickness of intimas were measured at the end of week6. The protein and/or mRNA expressions of inflammation factors, monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1, vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM)-1, nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) were investigated by immunohistochemistry and RT-PCR. RESULTS: Atherosclerotic lesions were found in the HLD and OLE groups but not in the control group. In comparison with that in the HLD group, reduced size and thickness of intima (0.31 +/- 0.26 in the HLD group versus 0.10 +/- 0.03 mm in the OLE group) were found in the OLE group. The MDA level, an indicator of antioxidant status, was 35.27 +/- 15.37 in the HLD group and 20.63 +/- 11.52 nmol/ml in the OLE group. The level of CHO, TG and LDL-C were 104.46 +/- 30.34, 2.48 +/- 1.11, 82.83 +/- 28.44 mmol/l in the HLD group versus 83.03 +/- 27.23, 1.84 +/- 0.44, 59.51 +/- 23.72 mmol/l in the OLE group. Down-regulated expressions of MCP-1, VCAM-1, NF-kappaB and TNF-alpha at both protein and mRNA level (P<0.05) were also found with the administration of OLE. CONCLUSION: This study proved the effect of OLE on inhibition of atherosclerosis, which is related to the suppressed inflammatory response.

Study Type : Animal Study

Print Options

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2023 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.