Abstract Title:

Oleuropein and hydroxytyrosol rich extracts from olive leaves attenuate liver injury and lipid metabolism disturbance in bisphenol A-treated rats.

Abstract Source:

Food Funct. 2018 May 21. Epub 2018 May 21. PMID: 29781491

Abstract Author(s):

Asma Mahmoudi, Fatma Hadrich, Ines Feki, Hela Ghorbel, Zouhaier Bouallagui, Rim Marrekchi, Hela Fourati, Sami Sayadi

Article Affiliation:

Asma Mahmoudi


In the present study, we investigated the protective effects of oleuropein- and hydroxytyrosol-rich extracts obtained from olive leaves against bisphenol A (BPA)-induced hyperlipidemia and liver injury in male rats. For this purpose, four groups of male rats (8 per group) were used: control group (Control), rats treated with BPA, rats treated with both BPA and oleuropein (OLE-BPA), and rats treated with both BPA and hydroxytyrosol (HYT-BPA). After 60 days of treatment, the results obtained using the DXA technique showed that treatment with BPA (10 mg per kg b.w.) increased the body weight and adipose tissue mass in male rats. Moreover, plasma levels of triglycerides, total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, AST, ALT, LDH, and TNF-α increased. The immunohistochemical analysis revealed a significant increase in the expression of COX-2 and p53 and a decrease in the expression of Bcl-2 related to liver inflammation. Oral administration of oleuropein and hydroxytyrosol-rich extracts obtained from olive leaves at 16 mg kg-1 reduced both the body weight and adipose tissue mass. These extracts were able to ameliorate liver damage and improve the elevated levels of TG and liver enzymes of BPA-treated rats possibly through enhancing CAT and SOD activities. Western blot results revealed that administration of the abovementionedextracts decreased the protein expression of NF-κB and TNF-α through the p38 signaling pathway. Overall, the findings suggest that the olive leaf extracts possess hypolipidemic and hepatoprotective effects against BPA-induced metabolic disorders through enhancing the antioxidative defense system and regulating the important signaling pathway activities.

Print Options

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.