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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Composition's effect of Origanum Syriacum essential oils in the antimicrobial activities for the treatment of denture stomatitis.

Abstract Source:

Odontology. 2020 Aug 17. Epub 2020 Aug 17. PMID: 32808051

Abstract Author(s):

Loubna Shamseddine, Jose Johann Chidiac

Article Affiliation:

Loubna Shamseddine

Abstract:

This research has several purposes: First to assess the bacterial and fungal minimum inhibitory concentration of Origanum Syriacum essential oil. Second to quantify its bactericidal and fungicidal minimal concentration against S. aureus, S. mutans, and C. albicans found in denture stomatitis. The third purpose is to look at the influence of three different soils (Annaya, Bhanin and Michrif) on the essential oils composition. Three essential oils were extracted by hydro-distillation from three different Origanum Syriacum plant origins. Bioassays were conducted using a broth microdilution methods. Gas Chromatography analysis was used to calculate the abundance of most components in each essential oil. Post hoc tests assessed antimicrobial effects between ecotypes while Pearson's test correlated the different components and their antimicrobial efficiency (α < 0.05). All tested essential oils were efficient against all microorganisms. Origanum Syriacum essential oils derived from Annaya and Bhanin soils showed a superior antimicrobial activity compared to the Michrif one. The most abundant component and most efficient among all essential oils constituents was carvacrol. It can be concluded that Origanum Syriacum essential oils have an antimicrobial activity, which depends on the ecotype, its origin and its composition. They might be used to start a clinical trial for the treatment of denture stomatitis.

Study Type : In Vitro Study
Additional Links
Pharmacological Actions : Antimicrobial : CK(1209) : AC(582)

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