Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Doxorubicin-induced renal inflammation in rats: Protective role of.

Abstract Source:

Avicenna J Phytomed. 2018 Mar-Apr;8(2):179-187. PMID: 29632849

Abstract Author(s):

Nazanin Entezari Heravi, Sara Hosseinian, Zohreh Naji Ebrahimi Yazd, Mohammad Naser Shafei, Alireza Ebrahimzadeh Bideskan, Samira Shahraki, Zahra Samadi Noshahr, Fatemeh Motejadded, Farimah Beheshti, Reza Mohebbati, Soghra Parhizgar, Abolfazl Khajavi Rad

Article Affiliation:

Nazanin Entezari Heravi


Objective: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the possible protective effect of() extract against doxorubicin (DXR)-induced renal inflammation in rats.

Materials and Methods: 80 male albino rats were randomly divided into 8 groups as follows: control, DXR, Ext (extract) 600, Ext1200, dexamethasone+DXR, vitamin E+DXR, Ext600+DXRand Ext1200+DXR. Duration of the study was 35 days and DXR was intravenously injected on the 7day of the experiment. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) production and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) expression levels were assessed in the left kidney. Serum creatinine concentration and osmolarity were determined on the 1, 14, 21, 28and 35days of the experiment.

Results: DXR caused a significant increase in renal expression of MCP-1 and TNF-α production compared to control animals. Administration of dexamethasone, vitamin E andextract significantly improved the expression of these inflammatory mediators compared to DXR group. Compared to day 1 in DXR group, serum osmolarity showed a significant increase on days 21, 28 and 35. Also, on these days, serum osmolarity in DXR group was significantly higher than that on the same days in control group. In Vit E+DXR and Ext 1200+DXR groups, there was no significant changes in serum osmolarity among different days of the study. However, in these groups, serum osmolarity on days 21, 28 and 35 showed a significant decrease compared to the same days in DXR group.

Conclusion: Present results suggest that hydroethanolic extract ofprotected renal tissue against DXR-induced renal inflammation.

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