Paeoniflorin ameliorates advanced glycation end products-induced mesangial cell injury. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Paeoniflorin ameliorates AGEs-induced mesangial cell injury through inhibiting RAGE/mTOR/autophagy pathway.
Biomed Pharmacother. 2017 May ;89:1362-1369. Epub 2017 Mar 18. PMID: 28320103
Glomerular mesangial cell plays a vital role in diabetic nephropathy (DN). Recent research has demonstrated that autophagy involved in the development of DN. Paeoniflorin (PF), a monoterpene glucoside, has been proved to attenuate advanced glycation end products (AGEs)-induced mesangial cell injury. However, the regulatory mechanism of PF on autophagy in mesangial cell remains unclear. The aim of this study was to explore the effect of PF on autophagy in AGEs-induced mesangial cell dysfunction. In this study, the leakage of the lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) into the extracellular medium was measured by LDH kit. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and mRFP-GFP-microtubule-associated protein light chain 3 (LC3) transfection were performed to observe the formation of autophagy in AGEs-induced mesangial cell. The RAGE/mTOR/autophagy pathway was analyzed by western blotting and small-interfering RNA transfection. Our results showed that the expression of LC3II, p62 were changed in a time-dependent manner in AGEs-stimulated mesangial cell. While PF could decrease the expression of LC3II/LC3I and reduce the number of autophagosomes. Knockdown of Atg5 promoted the protective effect of PF on AGEs-induced HBZY-1 injury. Furthermore, we found PF inhibited autophagy at least partly through inhibiting RAGE and upregulating the level of p-mTOR to against AGEs-induced mesangial cell dysfunction. Thus, PF could be a potential agent for the treatment of DN.