Paeoniflorin attenuates oxidized low-density lipoprotein-induced apoptosis and adhesion molecule expression by autophagy enhancement in human umbilical vein endothelial cells.
J Cell Biochem. 2019 Jun ;120(6):9291-9299. Epub 2018 Dec 12. PMID: 30548681
Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL)-induced endothelial dysfunction is recognized as a driving force in the development of atherosclerosis (AS). Paeoniflorin (Pae), a typical traditional herbal medicine, possesses anti-inflammatory, antioxidative, antihyperglycaemic, and antiapoptotic properties. Our study aimed to investigate the effects of Pae on ox-LDL-induced injury of the human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and to explore its molecular mechanism. We found that ox-LDL stimulation inhibited cell viability, activated autophagy, and induced apoptosis and adhesion molecule expression in HUVECs. Pae rescued ox-LDL-induced viability reduction and enhanced the ox-LDL-induced autophagy activation in HUVECs. Pae inhibited ox-LDL-induced apoptosis and adhesion molecule expression by autophagy enhancement in HUVECs. In addition, inhibition of SIRT1 by EX-527 abolished the promoting effect of Pae on autophagy and restored the inhibitory effect of Pae on apoptosis and adhesion molecule expression in the presence of ox-LDL. In conclusion, Pae attenuated ox-LDL-induced apoptosis and adhesion molecule expression by autophagy enhancement via upregulation of SIRT1 in HUVECs, shedding light on the mechanism underlying the protective effect of Pae on ox-LDL-induced injury of HUVECs.