Paeoniflorin could be a novel strategy for hypoxia-induced brain injury. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Anti-inflammatory effects of paeoniflorin caused by regulation of the hif1a/miR-210/caspase1/GSDMD signaling pathway in astrocytes: a novel strategy for hypoxia-induced brain injury in rats.
Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol. 2021 Jun 11:1-9. Epub 2021 Jun 11. PMID: 34114917
Hypoxia-induced injury is a classic symptom of obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS), which is a risk factor of various diseases, such as hypertension, heart failure and stroke. However, there is no effective therapy for hypoxia-induced injury or OSAHS due to the elusive mechanism involved.This study aimed to assess the effects of paeoniflorin on hypoxia-induced injury and explore the underlying mechanism.Hypoxic models of SD rats and CTX-TNA2 cells were used to assess the effect of paeoniflorin, and the expressions of hif1a, miR-210, caspase1 and GSDMD were detected using western blots and RT-PCR. Plasmid transfection was performed to explore the role of miR-210 in the effect of paeoniflorin.Firstly, we confirmed that hypoxia induced severe neuronal injury and an enhancement of inflammation in the rat brain, with elevated expression of caspase1, IL1b and IL18. In addition, the results showed an activation of astrocytes and an increased level of pyroptosis under hypoxic conditions, which suggested a critical role of pyroptosis in hypoxiainduced injury of the brain. Furthermore, we found that compared with the controls, paeoniflorin treatment improved hypoxia-induced pyroptosis in astrocytes. Moreover, we detected the activation of hif1a/miR-210 signaling in the effects of paeoniflorin on astrocytes. As expected, the expression of hif1a and miR-210 was significantly upregulated in astrocytes when exposed to hypoxia, while paeoniflorin treatment reversed these enhancements. After transfection of miR-210 mimics, the attenuation of pyroptosis induced by paeoniflorin was suppressed, which was accompanied by an increase of ROS levels, as well as LDH release, indicating a critical role of miR-210 in pyroptosis in astrocytes.Our findings demonstrated that paeoniflorin improved hypoxia-induced pyroptosis in astrocytes via depressing hif1a/miR-210/caspase1/GSDMD signaling, providing robust evidence for the treatment of hypoxic injury and OSAHS.HighlightsHypoxia induces severe injury and inflammatory response in the rat brain;Hypoxia enhanced pyroptotic level and led to an activation of astrocytes.;Paeoniflorin alleviates hypoxia-induced pyroptosis in astrocytes;Transfection of miR-210 mimics suppressed the effects of paeoniflorin on hypoxia-induced pyroptosis in astrocytes.