Paeoniflorin inhibits MRGPRX2-mediated pseudo-allergic reaction via calcium signaling pathway.
Phytother Res. 2020 Feb ;34(2):401-408. Epub 2019 Oct 31. PMID: 31667930
Mas-related G protein-coupled receptor-X2 (MRGPRX2) expressed on mast cells (MCs) has been shown to be a pivotal target for pseudo-allergic diseases. Therefore, MRGPRX2 might be a therapeutic target for allergic contact dermatitis, atopic dermatitis, and red man syndrome. Paeoniflorin (PF) was reported to have an antiinflammatory effect in neuroinflammation, enteritis, and so forth. In this study, we investigated the anti-pseudo-allergic effect of PF and the underlying molecular mechanisms. Our results showed that PF can suppress compound 48/80 (C48/80)-induced PCA and MCs degranulation in vivo, in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, PF can reduce C48/80-induced calcium influx and suppress MC degranulation and chemokines release in vitro. PF can downregulate the phosphorylation levels of key kinases in PLCγ-regulated calcium influx and subsequent cytokine synthesis pathways. Our study revealed that PF could inhibit C48/80-induced allergic responses both in vivo and in vitro. As such, it may be regarded as a novel inhibitor for preventing MRGPRX2-mediated allergic diseases.