Paeonol alleviates dextran sodium sulfate induced colitis involving Candida albicans-associated dysbiosis.
Med Mycol. 2020 Jun 29. Epub 2020 Jun 29. PMID: 32598443
: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which consists of ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD), is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the gastrointestinal tract. Occurrence and development of UC have been associated with multiple potential causative factors, which include fungal dysbiosis. Growing evidence reveals that Candida albicans-associated dysbiosis is correlated with clinical deterioration in UC. Paeonol (PAE) is a commonly used traditional medicine with multiple reported properties including effective alleviation of UC. In this study, a murine UC model was established by colonizing mice with additional C. albicans via gavage prior to dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) administration. Effects of PAE treatment were also assessed at initiation and in preestablished C. albicans-associated colitis. The results showed that C. albicans supplementation could aggravate disease activity index (DAI), compromise mucosal integrity, exacerbate fecal and tissue fungal burdens, increase serumβ-glucan and anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibody (ASCA) levels, promote serum and colonic tissue pro-inflammatory cytokine secretion (tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, and IL-8) and decrease the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 level. It also stimulated Dectin-1, TLR2 and TLR4 as well as expression of their downstream effector NF-κB in colonic tissue. After PAE treatment, the adverse impacts of C. albicans on colitis were relieved, via decreased receptor-associated local and systemic inflammation. Our study suggests that PAE should be a candidate for treatment offungal dysbiosis-associated UC and may act through the Dectin-1/NF-κB pathway in collaboration with TLR2 and TLR4.
LAY SUMMARY: Candida albicans is believed to be an important stimulator in ulcerative colitice (UC) development. Suppressing the growth of intestinal C. albicans can be contributory to the amelioration of UC. Paeonol (PAE) is a commonly used traditional medicine with multiple biological functions. In this study, we observed that PAE could alleviate symptoms in mice UC model accompanying with burden reduction of C. albicans. Therefore, we suppose that PAE can be a candidate in the treatment of C. albicans-associated UC.