Abstract Title:

Efficacy of extract of Pelargonium sidoides in children with acute non-group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus tonsillopharyngitis: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.

Abstract Source:

Anticancer Res. 2009 Nov;29(11):4629-32. PMID: 14526713

Abstract Author(s):

Viatcheslav V Bereznoy, David S Riley, Gernot Wassmer, Marianne Heger

Article Affiliation:

Pediatric Department II, Academy for Continuing Medical Education, Kiev, Ukraine.


BACKGROUND: Clinical trial data suggest that antibiotics are not indicated for the treatment of acute non-group A beta hemolytic strep (non-GABHS) tonsillopharyngitis. Nevertheless patients are symptomatic and effective alternatives for its treatment are needed that have been evaluated in clinical trials. OBJECTIVE: To confirm that treatment with an extract of Pelargonium sidoides (EPs 7630) is superior to placebo for the treatment of non-GABHS tonsillopharyngitis in children. DESIGN: Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. SETTING: Six study sites in 4 pediatric and ENT primary care outpatient clinics. PATIENTS: One hundred forty-three children aged 6-10 years with non-GABHS tonsillopharyngitis presentor = 8 points, and informed consent. INTERVENTION: EPs 7630 or placebo (20 drops tid) for 6 days. MEASUREMENT: The primary outcome criterion was the decrease of the TSS from baseline (day 0) to day 4. RESULTS: The decrease of the TSS from baseline (day 0) to day 4 was 7.1 +/- 2.1 points under EPs 7630 (n = 73), and 2.5 +/- 3.6 points under placebo (n = 70). The covariate adjusted decrease was 7.0 +/- 2.4 points under EPs 7630, and 2.9 +/- 2.4 points under placebo. The 95% RCI for the difference between the groups was [2.7; 4.9] demonstrating a significant difference in efficacy of EPs 7630 compared to placebo (P<0.0001). Adverse events (AEs) occurred in 15/143 patients (EPs 7630: 4/73 patient, placebo: 44/70) and were not related to the investigational medication. CONCLUSIONS: EPs 7630 was superior compared to placebo for the treatment of acute non-GABHS tonsillopharyngitis in children. Treatment with EPs 7630 reduced the severity of symptoms and shortened the duration of illness by at least 2 days.

Study Type : Human Study

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