Phloretin treatment in prostate cancer cells induces cell growth inhibition and apoptosis. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Inhibition of Specificity Protein 1 Is Involved in Phloretin-Induced Suppression of Prostate Cancer.
Biomed Res Int. 2020 ;2020:1358674. Epub 2020 Aug 10. PMID: 32851058
Phloretin is a flavonoid existed in various plants and has been reported to possess anticarcinogenic activity. However, the anticancer mechanism of phloretin in prostate cancer (PCa) remains unclear. Here, ourandexperimental data demonstrate that phloretin inhibits the phosphorylation and the activation of EGFR and then inhibits its downstream PI3K/AKT and MEK/ERK1/2 pathways in PCa cells. Inhibition of these two pathways further decreases expression of Sp1 by inhibitinggene transcription, induces degradation of Sp1 protein by inhibiting GSK3phosphorylation, suppresses nucleolin-enhanced translation of Sp1 mRNA by inhibiting nucleolin phosphorylation, and directly inactivates transcription activity of Sp1. Inhibition of Sp1 subsequently decreases the expression of Sp3/4, VEGF, and Survivin and then upregulates apoptosis-related proteins and downregulates cell cycle-related proteins in PCa cells. Finally, phloretin treatment in PCa cells induces cell growth inhibition and apoptosis, suggesting that phloretin may be an effective therapy compound in the treatment of prostate cancer.