A phlorotannin constituent of Ecklonia cava alleviates postprandial hyperglycemia in diabetic mice.
Pharm Biol. 2017 Dec ;55(1):1149-1154. PMID: 28219252
CONTEXT: 2,7″-Phloroglucinol-6,6'-bieckol is a type of phlorotannin isolated from brown algae, Ecklonia cava Kjellman (Phaeophyceae; Laminareaceae). 2,7″-Phloroglucinol-6,6'-bieckol mediates antioxidant activities. However, there has been no research on improving postprandial hyperglycaemia using 2,7″-phloroglucinol-6,6'-bieckol.
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the inhibitory effects of 2,7″-phloroglucinol-6,6'-bieckol on activities of α-glucosidase and α-amylase as well as its alleviating effect on postprandial hyperglycaemia in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: α-Glucosidase and α-amylase inhibitory assays were carried out. The effect of 2,7″-phloroglucinol-6,6'-bieckol on hyperglycaemia after a meal was measured by postprandial blood glucose in streptozotocin-induced diabetic and normal mice. The mice were treated orally with soluble starch (2 g/kgBW) alone (control) or with 2,7″-phloroglucinol-6,6'-bieckol (10 mg/kg bw) or acarbose (10 mg/kg BW) dissolved in 0.2 mL water. Blood samples were taken from tail veins at 0, 30, 60, and 120 min and blood glucose was measured by a glucometer.
RESULTS: 2,7″-Phloroglucinol-6,6'-bieckol showed higher inhibitory activities than acarbose, a positive control against α-glucosidase and α-amylase. The ICvalues of 2,7″-phloroglucinol-6,6'-bieckol against α-glucosidase and α-amylase were 23.35 and 6.94 μM, respectively, which was found more effective than observed with acarbose (α-glucosidase ICof 130.04 μM; α-amylase ICof 165.12 μM). In normal mice, 2,7″-phloroglucinol-6,6'-bieckol significantly suppressed the postprandial hyperglycaemia caused by starch. The 2,7″-phloroglucinol-6,6'-bieckol administration group (2349.3 mmol·min/L) had a lower area under the curve (AUC) glucose response than the control group (2690.83 mmol·min/L) in diabetic mice.
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: 2,7″-Phloroglucinol-6,6'-bieckol might be used as an inhibitor of α-glucosidase and α-amylase as well as to delay absorption of dietary carbohydrates.