Abstract Title:

Photo-Oxidative Blue-Light Stimulation in Retinal Pigment Epithelium Cells Promotes Exosome Secretion and Increases the Activity of the NLRP3 Inflammasome.

Abstract Source:

Curr Eye Res. 2018 Sep 10:1-9. Epub 2018 Sep 10. PMID: 30198786

Abstract Author(s):

Wei Zhang, Yingxue Ma, Yue Zhang, Jing Yang, Guanghui He, Song Chen

Article Affiliation:

Wei Zhang


PURPOSE: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a major cause of blindness in the elderly, and the activation of the NACHT, LRR, and PYD domain-containing protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome is involved in AMD pathogenesis. We investigated whether photooxidative blue-light stimulation in retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells promotes exosome secretion and modulates the activity of the NLRP3 inflammasome in vitro.

METHODS: Exosomes were isolated from ARPE-19 cultures stimulated or not with blue-light photostimulation (488 nm). Isolated exosomes were characterized by transmission electron microscope and Western blot analyses. The contents of the NLRP3 inflammasome (IL-1β, IL-18, and caspase-1 as markers of the inflammasome) in exosomes were analyzed by Western blotting. After culture, IL-1β, IL-18, and caspase-1 in RPE cells were analyzed by both immunofluorescence and Western blotting. RT-PCR and Western blotting were conducted to assess the contents of NLRP3 in RPE cells.

RESULTS: Exosomes exhibited a typical characteristic morphology (cup-shaped) and size (diameter between 50 and 150 nm) in both groups. The exosome markers CD9, CD63, and CD81 were strongly present. After blue-light photostimulation, ARPE-19 cells were noted to release exosomes with higher levels of IL-1β, IL-18, and caspase-1 than those in the control group. The levels of IL-1β, IL-18, and caspase-1 in ARPE-19 cells were significantly enhanced when treated with stressed RPE exosomes. Additionally, the NLRP3 mRNA and protein levels were found to be markedly higher in the treated group than in the control group.

CONCLUSIONS: Under photooxidative blue-light stimulation, RPE-derived exosomes may aggravate a potentially harmful oxidative response through the upregulation of the NLRP3 inflammasome.

Study Type : Animal Study
Additional Links
Additional Keywords : Exosomes : CK(312) : AC(199)
Adverse Pharmacological Actions : Inflammatory : CK(423) : AC(132)

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.