Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Inhibition of ERKs/Akt-Mediated c-Fos Expression Is Required for Piperlongumine-Induced Cyclin D1 Downregulation and Tumor Suppression in Colorectal Cancer Cells.

Abstract Source:

Onco Targets Ther. 2020 ;13:5591-5603. Epub 2020 Jun 15. PMID: 32606774

Abstract Author(s):

Feng Gao, Li Zhou, Ming Li, Wenbin Liu, Shuting Yang, Wei Li

Article Affiliation:

Feng Gao


Background: Deregulation of Cyclin D1 and cell cycle progression plays a critical role in tumorigenesis. The natural compound piperlongumine (PL) exhibits potential anticancer effects in various cancer models, but the underlying mechanism needs further elucidation.

Methods: The inhibitory effect of PL on colorectal cancer (CRC) cells was determined by anchorage-dependent and -independent assays. The protein level of Cyclin D1 was examined by immunoblot (IB) and immunohistochemical staining (IHC). The mRNA level was determined by qRT-PCR. Phosphorylation of histone H3 was analyzed by immunofluorescence (IF). The cell cycle was examined by flow cytometry. The in vivo antitumor effect was validated by the xenograft mouse model.

Results: Cyclin D1 was overexpressed in CRC tissues and cells, and was required for maintaining cell growth, colony formation, and in vivo tumorigenesis. PL decreased the protein level of c-Fos, which eventually reduced the transcriptional activity of AP-1 and the mRNA level of Cyclin D1. Mechanism study showed that PL impaired EGF-induced activation of ERK1/2 and Akt signalings, which resulted in a reduction of c-Fos transcription. Furthermore, PL reduced the half-life of c-Fos and caused the ubiquitination-dependent degradation of c-Fos. Finally, the in vivo antitumor effect of PL on CRC cells was examined using a xenograft mouse model.

Conclusion: Our data indicate that PL is a promising antitumor agent that deserves further study for CRC treatment.

Study Type : Animal Study, In Vitro Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2021 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.