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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Piperlongumine promotes death of retinoblastoma cancer cells.

Abstract Source:

Oncotarget. 2021 Apr 27 ;12(9):907-916. Epub 2021 Apr 27. PMID: 33953844

Abstract Author(s):

Nathalie Allaman-Pillet, Daniel F Schorderet

Article Affiliation:

Nathalie Allaman-Pillet

Abstract:

Retinoblastoma is the most common pediatric intraocular malignant tumor. While retinoblastoma initiation is triggered by the inactivation of both alleles of the retinoblastoma tumor suppressor gene () in the developing retina, tumor progression requires additional epigenetic changes, retinoblastoma genomes being quite stable. Although the management of RB has recently improved, new therapeutic agents are necessary to improve the treatment of advanced forms of retinoblastoma. In this report, we analyzed the pro-death effect of piperlongumine (PL), a natural compound isolated from Piper longum L., on two human retinoblastoma cell lines, WERI-Rb and Y79. The effects of PL on cell proliferation, cell death and cell cycle were investigated. PL effectively inhibited cell growth, impacted the cell cycle by decreasing the level of cyclins and CDK1 and increasing CDKN1A and triggered a caspase-3 independant cell death process in which reactive oxygen species (ROS) production is a major player. Indeed, PL toxicity in retinoblastoma cell lines was inhibited by a ROS scavenger N-acetyl-l-cysteine (NAC) treatment. These findings suggest that PL reduces tumor growth and induces cell death by regulating the cell cycle.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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