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Abstract Title:

Platinum (IV) drugs with cannabidiol inducing mitochondrial dysfunction and synergistically enhancing anti-tumor effects.

Abstract Source:

J Inorg Biochem. 2024 May ;254:112515. Epub 2024 Mar 1. PMID: 38490045

Abstract Author(s):

Tangli Wei, Lihua Chen, Pengmin Shi, Changli Wang, Yusheng Peng, Jing Yang, Xiali Liao, Bo Yang, Chuanzhu Gao

Article Affiliation:

Tangli Wei

Abstract:

Chemotherapy resistance is an insurmountable problem in clinical anticancer therapy. Although Oxaliplatin is an effective chemotherapeutic agent for the treatment of colorectal cancer (CRC), it still suffers from serious toxicities as well as drug resistance. In this work, three Oxaliplatin tetravalent platinum prodrugs(O1-O3) and three novel mixed ammine/amine analogs(C1-C3) were constructed, introducing cannabidiol with anti-tumor activity in their axial position. All Pt(IV) prodrugs exhibited potent antitumor effects in a variety of tumor cell lines, especially in HCT-116 cells, where complex O3 showed strong inhibitory effects with the half maximal inhibitory concentrations (IC) value of 6.02 ± 0.69 μM and about 2.6 times higher than that of Oxaliplatin. Further studies revealed that complex O3 decreased cellular mitochondrial membrane potential in a concentration-dependent manner and enhanced reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation by decreasing the expression of catalase, superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2) and superoxide dismutase 3 (SOD3). Complex O3 induces mitochondrial dysfunction and upregulates the pro-apoptotic protein Noxa, ultimately leading to severe DNA damage. The upregulation of Phosphorylated histone protein H2AX (γ-H2AX) expression is clear evidence. In addition, O3 inhibits the expression of RAD51 protein and prevents DNA damage repair, thus overcoming drug resistance. This strategy of combining bioactive molecules cannabidiol with platinum drugs to improve therapeutic efficacy and overcome drug resistance has been proven to be very effective and deserves further investigation.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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