Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Prospective cohort study on the effectiveness of influenza and pneumococcal vaccines in preventing pneumonia development and hospitalization.

Abstract Source:

Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2015 Feb ;22(2):229-34. Epub 2014 Dec 24. PMID: 25540271

Abstract Author(s):

Joon Young Song, Jin Soo Lee, Seong-Heon Wie, Hyo Youl Kim, Jacob Lee, Yu Bin Seo, Hye Won Jeong, Shin Woo Kim, Sun Hee Lee, Kyung-Hwa Park, Ji Yun Noh, Won Suk Choi, Hee Jin Cheong, Woo Joo Kim

Article Affiliation:

Joon Young Song


Pneumonia and acute exacerbation of chronic illness are leading causes of influenza-related hospitalization. Therefore, influenza and pneumococcal vaccinations are strongly recommended for adults with comorbidities. Using a hospital-based influenza surveillance system, we performed a multicenter, prospective cohort study of patients visiting emergency rooms with influenza-like illness (ILI) during the influenza epidemic period in 2013 to 2014. Patients aged≥ 19 years were enrolled, and clinical data were collected. Multivariate analyses were performed to estimate the effectiveness of influenza and pneumococcal vaccination in preventing pneumonia development and hospitalization. During study periods, 2,262 patients with ILI were registered. Among 2,217 patients with available vaccination records, 31.9% (707 patients) and 9.7% (216 patients) had received influenza and pneumococcal vaccines, respectively. Among patients who had been administered a pneumococcal vaccine, 94.4% had received the 23-valent polysaccharide vaccine (PPV23). The adjustedrates of effectiveness of the influenza vaccine for preventing pneumonia development and hospitalization were 64.0% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 29% to 81%) and 35.0% (95% CI = 12% to 52%), respectively. Pneumococcal vaccination did not reduce pneumonia development or hospitalization. In conclusion, influenza rather than PPV23 vaccination may reduce pneumonia development and hospitalization in patients with preceding ILI.

Study Type : Human Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.