Polysaccharides from dandelion (Taraxacum mongolicum) leaves: Insights into innovative drying techniques on their structural characteristics and biological activities.
Int J Biol Macromol. 2020 Nov 11. Epub 2020 Nov 11. PMID: 33188812
The aim of this study was to well understand the impacts of innovative drying techniques (radio frequency drying and microwave drying) and traditional drying techniques (vacuum drying, freezing drying, and hot air drying) on the structural characteristics and bioactivities of polysaccharides from dandelion leaves (DLPs). Five different DLPs were obtained from dandelion leaves dried by abovementioned drying techniques. Results showed that the structural characteristics and bioactivities of DLPs varied with different drying techniques. The molecular weights, apparent viscosities, molar ratios of constituent monosaccharide, contents of uronic acids, and contents of bonded polyphenolics in DLPs obtained by different drying techniques had noticeable variations, while the types of constituent monosaccharides and the major glycosidic linkages in DLPs were similar. In addition, results showed that DLPs, especially DLP-RF obtained by the radio frequency drying, exhibited remarkable antioxidant activities (ABTS, DPPH, and NO radical scavenging activities), excellent in vitro antiglycation activity, and obvious in vitro inhibitory activity onα-glucosidase. Results from this study suggest that the radio frequency drying can be used as a potential drying technique before extracting DLPs for applications in the functional food and medicine industries.