n/a
Abstract Title:

The potential neuroprotective effect of diosmin in rotenone-induced model of Parkinson's disease in rats.

Abstract Source:

Eur J Pharmacol. 2021 Oct 14:174573. Epub 2021 Oct 14. PMID: 34656609

Abstract Author(s):

Christine N Habib, Mohamed R Mohamed, Mariane G Tadros, Mai F Tolba, Esther T Menze, Somia I Masoud

Article Affiliation:

Christine N Habib

Abstract:

Most treatments for Parkinson's disease (PD) focus on improving the symptoms and the dopaminergic effects; nevertheless, they cannot delay the disease progression. Diosmin (DM), a naturally occurring flavone that is obtained from citrus fruits, has demonstrated anti-apoptotic, anti-inflammatory and antioxidative properties in many diseases. This study aimed to assess the neuroprotective effects of diosmin in rotenone-induced rat model of PD and investigate its potential underlying mechanisms. A preliminary dose-response study was conducted where rats were treated with DM (50,100 and 200 mg/kg, p.o.) concomitantly with rotenone (2 mg/kg, s.c.) for 4 weeks. Catalepsy, motor impairment, spontaneous locomotion, body weight, histological examination and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) immunoreactivity were evaluated in both the midbrains and striata of rats. Treatment with DM (200 mg/kg) showed the most promising outcome therefore, it was selected for further evaluation of α-synuclein, Bax, Bcl2, nuclear factor kappa B (NF-кB), nuclear factor erythroid 2- related factor 2 (Nrf2), and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), in addition to biochemical analysis of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). Results showed that DM (200 mg/kg, p.o.) prevented rotenone-induced motor impairment, weight reduction and histological damage. Furthermore, it significantly inhibited rotenone-induced decrease in TH expression. These results were correlated with reduction in α-synuclein immunoreactivity, together with improvement of Bax/Bcl2 ratio compared to rotenone group. DM also attenuated rotenone-induced increase in NF-кB expression as well as TNF- α levels. Moreover, DM inhibited rotenone-induced upregulation of Nrf2/HO-1 pathway. Thus, the current study suggests that DM might be a promising candidate for managing the neuropathological course of PD.

Print Options


Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.