Abstract Title:

Pre-germinated brown rice extract ameliorates high-fat diet-induced metabolic syndrome.

Abstract Source:

J Food Biochem. 2019 Mar ;43(3):e12769. Epub 2019 Jan 13. PMID: 31353547

Abstract Author(s):

Chi-Long Hao, Hui-Li Lin, Liang-Yin Ke, Hsueh-Wei Yen, Kuo-Ping Shen

Article Affiliation:

Chi-Long Hao


This study examined the effect of pre-germinated brown rice extract (PGBRE), containing no dietary fibers, butγ-oryzanol, γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA), flavonoids, and anthocyanidin, on high-fat-diet (HFD)-induced metabolic syndrome. C57BL/6 mice were divided into five groups: regular diet, HFD, HFD with oral PGBRE 30, 300, or 600 mg/kg per day for 18 weeks. In the HFD group, higher body and liver weightgain, hyperglycemia, HbA1c, and insulin; higher TG, TC, LDL-C, non-HDL, atherosclerosis index, lower HDL, adiponectin in blood; higher TG in the liver; higher TG, bile acid in feces; and lower protein levels of AMP-activated protein kinase, insulin receptor, insulin receptor substrate-1, insulin receptor substrate-2, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ, phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase, Akt/PKB, glucose transporter-1, glucose transporter-4, glucokinase in the skeletal muscle; lower glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) in the intestine; higher sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1 (SREBP-1), stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1 (SCD-1), fatty acid synthase (FAS), 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase, proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9), and lower PPAR-α, low-density lipoprotein receptor, cholesterol-7α-hydroxylase in the liver; higher SREBP-1, SCD-1, FAS, and lower PPAR-α, adiponectin in the adipose tissue were found. In HFD + PGBRE groups, the above biochemical parameters were improved. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: According to the results, we suggested that dietary fibers played a minor role in this study. Extract of PGBR, excluding dietary fiber, showed beneficial activity to ameliorate metabolic syndrome. γ-oryzanol, GABA, flavonoids, and anthocyanidin in PGBRE can inhibit HFD-induced metabolic syndrome and we demonstrated clearly its action mechanisms. This is the first report to examine the relation between PGBRE, GLP-1, and PCSK9. Taken together, PGBRE can potentially be used to develop a good supplement to control metabolic syndrome.

Study Type : Animal Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.