The effect of preoperative magnesium supplementation on blood catecholamine concentrations in patients undergoing CABG.
Magnes Res. 2006 Jun;19(2):113-22. PMID: 16955723
BACKGROUND: It is well known that magnesium (Mg) plays an important role in many physiological processes such as regulation of blood catecholamine concentrations, particularly epinephrine (E) and norepinephrine (NE). The complex character of extracorporeal circulation (ECC) with intraoperative normovolemic haemodilution (NH) may alter blood Mg levels, which is likely to result in disorders of E and NE. The aim of this study was to analyze the influence of preoperative Mg supplementation on E and NE in patients undergoing CABG. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty male patients undergoing CABG under general anaesthesia were included. Patients were randomly divided into two groups: A--the patients receiving pre-operative magnesium supplementation and B--patients without pre-operative magnesium supplementation. The Mg, E and NE blood concentrations were measured in five stages: 1) before anesthesia after the radial artery cannulation, 2) during NH and ECC, 3) immediately after surgery, 4) in the morning of the 1st postoperative day, 5) in the morning of the 2nd postoperative day. The Mg levels were determined by spectrophotometric methods, E and NE were measured by radioimmunoassay methods. RESULTS: The CABG caused a decrease of Mg and an increase of E and NE in both groups, but the changes were significantly higher in group B. CONCLUSIONS: 1) CABG causes a decrease of Mg and an increase of E and NE; 2) Preoperative, oral supplementation of Mg substantially reduces intra- and postoperative disorders.