Green Tea Polyphenol Prevents Diabetic Rats From Acute Kidney Injury After Cardiopulmonary Bypass.
Ann Thorac Surg. 2016 Apr ;101(4):1507-13. Epub 2015 Dec 8. PMID: 26675556
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication accompanying cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and is independently associated with increased morbidity and death. Diabetes mellitus increases the risk for AKI after CPB. Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) is a major component of the polyphenolic fraction of green tea, which possesses cardioprotective activities, as previously reported. We hypothesized that EGCG also possesses a renoprotective effect through its diverse biochemical properties and assessed the effect on renal function after CPB for diabetic rats.
METHODS: Goto-Kakizaki rats developing type 2 diabetes mellitus were randomly assigned to one of the following groups: sham (n = 10), CPB (CPB alone, n = 9), or EGCG (CPB + EGCG, n = 10). CPB was conducted for 30 minutes at a flow rate of 100 mL/kg/min in the CPB and EGCG groups. Rats assigned to the EGCG group were administrated EGCG solution orally for 2 weeks before CPB. We evaluated renal biochemical or histologicchanges at 24 hours after CPB.
RESULTS: Compared with the CPB group, the EGCG group exhibited milder tubular injury histologically (p < 0.0001) and reduced expression of kidney injury molecule-1, a biomarker for renal tubular injury (p<0.0001) and 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (p<0.01), indicating attenuated oxidant stress.
CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative oral administration of EGCG ameliorates AKI in a CPB model of diabetic rats through antioxidative properties. This simple method could be applied in a clinical setting as a prophylactic renal protection against AKI after CPB, especially for high-risk patients with diabetes mellitus.