Nephroprotective effect of Murraya koenigii on cyclophosphamide induced nephrotoxicity in rats.
Asian Pac J Trop Med. 2017 Aug ;10(8):808-812. Epub 2017 Aug 24. PMID: 28942830
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the nephroprotective effect of defatted methanolic extract and aqueous extract of Murraya koenigii (M. koenigii) against cyclophosphamide drug.
METHODS: Nephrotoxicity was induced by cyclophosphamide in 7 days at 150 mg/kg body weight through intraperitoneal route in rat model. Nephroprotective activity of M. koenigii extract (100 mg/kg and 200 mg/kg in intraperitoneal route) was measured, including nephrological source, oxidative stress parameters like superoxide dismutase, glutathione, the lipid peroxide and in vivo assay like blood urea nitrogen, creatinine were determined and analyzed by One way analysis of variance followed by Tukey's test.
RESULTS: The study result showed that important phytochemicals such as carbohydrates, flavonoids, tannin, alkaloids, glycosides, protein and steroids were found to be present in the extract of M. koenigii. The renal function markers like blood urea nitrogen and creatinine level were found to be decreased significantly by M. koenigii extract treatment. A significant difference was found to be at P < 0.01.
CONCLUSIONS: The present study reveals the protective role of M. koenigii extract against cyclophosphamide induced nephrotoxicity.