Pretreatment of Grape Seed Proanthocyanidin Extract Exerts Neuroprotective Effect in Murine Model of Neonatal Hypoxic-ischemic Brain Injury by Its Antiapoptotic Property.
Cell Mol Neurobiol. 2019 May 30. Epub 2019 May 30. PMID: 31147852
Grape seed proanthocyanidin extract (GSPE), an active component extracted from the grape, has been reported to demonstrate antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, and antiapoptosis effects. However, little is known about the role of GSPE on neonatal hypoxic-ischemic (HI) brain injury. The aim of this study was to evaluate the neuroprotective effect of GSPE pretreatment on neonatal HI brain injury in mice. A modified Rice-Vannucci method was performed to induce neonatal HI brain injury in the 7-day-old mouse pups pretreated with GSPE or vehicle. The infarct volumes were determined by TTC staining. TUNEL staining was used to detect cells apoptosis, and the expressions of apoptosis-related proteins: bax, bcl2, and cleaved caspase-3 were assayed by Western blot. Behavioral tests were also conducted to assess the functional recovery after injury. We showed that the brain damage and neurobehavioral outcomes improvement was observed in GSPE pretreated group. GSPE was proved to suppress apoptosis through inhibition of bax and cleaved caspase-3 expression. It demonstrates that GSPE could alleviate brain damage maybe through its antiapoptotic activity in a neonatal HI brain injury model, and GSPE has the potential to be a new drug for effective prevention of this disorder.