Abstract Title:

Probiotics prophylaxis in children with persistent primary vesicoureteral reflux.

Abstract Source:

Pediatr Nephrol. 2007 Sep;22(9):1315-20. Epub 2007 May 26. PMID: 17530295

Abstract Author(s):

Seung Joo Lee, Yoon Hee Shim, Su Jin Cho, Jung Won Lee


Probiotics, beneficial living microorganisms, have been proven to be effective in preventing gastrointestinal infections, but their effect in preventing urinary tract infection (UTI) is inconclusive. A prospective randomized controlled study was done to compare the preventive effect of probiotics with conventional antibiotics in children with persistent primary vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). One hundred twenty children who had had persistent primary VUR after antibiotic prophylaxis for 1 year were randomly allocated into a probiotics (Lactobacillus acidophilus 10(8) CFU/g 1 g b.i.d., n = 60) or an antibiotics (trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole 2/10 mg/kg h.s., n = 60) prophylaxis group during the second year of follow-up. The incidence of recurrent UTI was 18.3% (11/60) in the probiotics group, which was not different from 21.6%(13/60) in the antibiotic group (P = 0.926). The causative organisms of recurrent UTI were not significantly different between the two groups (P = 0.938). Even after stratification by VUR grade, age, gender, phimosis, voiding dysfunction and renal scar, the incidence of recurrent UTI did not differ significantly between the two groups (P > 0.05). The development of new renal scar was not significantly different between the two groups (P > 0.05). In conclusion, probiotics prophylaxis was as effective as antibiotic prophylaxis in children with persistent primary VUR.

Study Type : Human Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2023 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.