Abstract Title:

Procyanidin B2 Improves Oocyte Maturation and Subsequent Development in Type 1 Diabetic Mice by Promoting Mitochondrial Function.

Abstract Source:

Reprod Sci. 2020 Aug 3. Epub 2020 Aug 3. PMID: 32748223

Abstract Author(s):

Yuxi Luo, Qingrui Zhuan, Jun Li, Xingzhu Du, Zhengyuan Huang, Yunpeng Hou, Xiangwei Fu

Article Affiliation:

Yuxi Luo


Type 1 diabetes (T1D) results in decreased oocyte quality and compromised early embryonic development. Procyanidin B2 (PB2) is a natural compound extracted from grape seeds and has strong antioxidant activity in vivo. This study evaluated the effect of PB2 on oocyte maturation in diabetic mice. Diabetic mice were induced by streptozotocin (STZ) injection. PB2 was supplemented in the in vitro maturation medium, and the ratio of germinal vesicle breakdown (GVBD) and polar body extrusion (PBE), reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels, mitochondrial function, developmental ability, as well as crotonylation at H4K5 were determined in oocytes. PB2 can promote the extrusion of PBE (88.34% vs. 75.02%, P < 0.05); reduce the generation of ROS (1.12 vs. 1.96, P < 0.05); and improve the level of mitochondrial membrane potential (0.87 vs. 0.79 Δφm, P < 0.05), ATP level (1.31 vs. 0.71 pmol, P < 0.05), and mitochondria temperature (618.25 vs. 697.39 pixels, P < 0.05). The addition of PB2 also improved the level of oocyte crotonylation at H4K5 (crH4K5) (47.26 vs. 59.68 pixels, P < 0.05) and increased the blastocyst rate (61.51% vs. 36.07%, P < 0.05) after parthenogenetic activation. Our results are the first to reveal a role for PB2 in promoting the viability of oocytes by regulating the mitochondrial function. Moreover, we uncover that PB2 can improve the level of crH4K5, which provides a new strategy to combat the decline in oocyte quality of diabetic.

Study Type : Animal Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.