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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Prolonged Egg Supplement Advances Growing Child's Growth and Gut Microbiota.

Abstract Source:

Nutrients. 2023 Feb 24 ;15(5). Epub 2023 Feb 24. PMID: 36904143

Abstract Author(s):

Sophida Suta, Apinya Surawit, Pichanun Mongkolsucharitkul, Bonggochpass Pinsawas, Thamonwan Manosan, Suphawan Ophakas, Tanyaporn Pongkunakorn, Sureeporn Pumeiam, Kitti Sranacharoenpong, Sawannee Sutheeworapong, Patcha Poungsombat, Sakda Khoomrung, Pravit Akarasereenont, Iyarit Thaipisuttikul, Bhoom Suktitipat, Korapat Mayurasakorn

Article Affiliation:

Sophida Suta

Abstract:

Protein-energy malnutrition still impacts children's growth and development. We investigated the prolonged effects of egg supplementation on growth and microbiota in primary school children. For this study, 8-14-year-old students (51.5% F) in six rural schools in Thailand were randomly assigned into three groups: (1) whole egg (WE), consuming 10 additional eggs/week (= 238) (= 238); (2) protein substitute (PS), consuming yolk-free egg substitutes equivalent to 10 eggs/week (= 200); and (3) control group (C, (= 197)). The outcomes were measured at week 0, 14, and 35. At the baseline, 17% of the students were underweight, 18% were stunted, and 13% were wasted. At week 35, compared to the C group the weight and height difference increased significantly in the WE group (3.6±23.5 kg,<0.001; 5.1±23.2 cm,<0.001). No significant differences in weight or height were observed between the PS and C groups. Significant decreases in atherogenic lipoproteins were observed in the WE, but not in PS group. HDL-cholesterol tended to increase in the WE group (0.02±0.59 mmol/L,). The bacterial diversity was similar among the groups. The relative abundance ofincreased by 1.28-fold in the WE group compared to the baseline and differential abundance analysis which indicated thatincreased anddecreased significantly. In conclusion, prolonged whole egg supplementation is an effective intervention to improve growth, nutritional biomarkers, and gut microbiota with unaltered adverse effects on blood lipoproteins.

Study Type : Human Study

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