n/a
Abstract Title:

Protective effects of carnosic acid on retinal ganglion cells in acute ocular hypertension rats.

Abstract Source:

Int Ophthalmol. 2020 Apr 10. Epub 2020 Apr 10. PMID: 32277323

Abstract Author(s):

Liang Liang, Liye He, Mengnan Zhu, Baoji Chen, Changyi Xiao

Article Affiliation:

Liang Liang

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE: To observe the protective effects of carnosic acid on rat retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) among acute ocular hypertension rats.

METHODS: Sixty male SPF (specific-pathogen-free) SD rats (10 weeks) were randomly assigned to untreated group, carnosic-acid-treated group and hypertensive group with 20 rats for each. The acute ocular hypertension animal model was induced by the perfusion of normal saline solution into anterior chamber of eyes to elevate the intraocular pressure (IOP) to 110 mmHg for 60 min in the rats of the carnosic-acid-treated group and hypertensive group. Then, the carnosic acid dissolving in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) was intraperitoneally injected for consecutive 7 days in the carnosic-acid-treated group, and only DMSO was used in the same way in the hypertensive group. The rats were killed 2 weeks after experiment, and retinal sections were prepared for histopathological and apoptotic retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) examination by hemotoxylin and eosin staining and TUNEL staining. Use immunofluorescence employed to examine the survival of RGCs. This study protocol was approved by the Ethic Committee for Experimental Animal of Three Gorges University.

RESULTS: The retinal morphology and structure were clear in the untreated group. The edema of retinal tissue, loosely arranged RGCs and swollen nucleus were seen in the hypertensive group. In the carnosic-acid-treated group, the retinal morphology and structure were regular. The retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness was (32.96 ± 1.63), (58.96 ± 1.57) and (50.11 ± 2.37) μm, and the apoptotic cell number was (6.92 ± 2.96), (29.85 ± 6.40) and (14.69 ± 2.98)/field, and the survived cell number was (2363.17 ± 148.45), (1308.67 ± 106.02) and (1614.17 ± 96.39)/0.235 mmin the untreated group, hypertensive group and carnosic-acid-treated group, respectively, showing significant differences among groups (F = 339.284, 81.583, 122.68, all at P < 0.01). Compared with the untreated group, the RNFL thickness was thickened, the number of apoptotic RGCs was much more, and the number of survived RGCs was decreased in the hypertensive group. In the carnosic-acid-treated group, the RNFL thickness was thinner, the number of apoptotic RGCs was reduced, and the number of survived RGCs was increased in comparison with the untreated group (all at P < 0.01).

CONCLUSIONS: Carnosic acid plays a protective effect on RGCs by inhibiting the cell apoptosis in acute ocular hypertension rats.

Study Type : Animal Study

Print Options


Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.