Protective effects of Chrysin against memory impairment, cerebral hyperemia and oxidative stress after cerebral hypoperfusion and reperfusion in rats.
Metab Brain Dis. 2020 Feb ;35(2):401-412. Epub 2019 Dec 18. PMID: 31853830
Maryam Khombi Shooshtari
Stroke is devastating and a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Cerebral ischemia-reperfusion and its subsequent reactive hyperemia lead to neuronal damage in the hippocampus and cognitive decline. Chrysin (5, 7-dihydroxyflavone) is a well-known member of the flavonoid family with antioxidant and neuroprotective effects. Therefore, in the present study, the aim was to investigate whether chrysin will be able to recover the brain function caused by ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) in rats. Adult male Wistar rats (250-300 g) were randomly divided into five groups: and submitted to cerebral I/R or a sham surgery after three-weeks of pretreatment with chrysin (CH; 10, 30 and 100 mg/kg; P.O.) and/or normal saline containing %5 DMSO. Subsequently, sensorimotor scores, cognition, local cerebral blood flow, extracellular single unit, and histological parameters were evaluated following I/R. Hippocampus was used to evaluate biomarkers including: oxidative stress parameters and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) using ELISA kits. Data showed that pretreatment with chrysin significantly improved sensorimotor signs, passive avoidance memory, and attenuated reactive hyperemia, and increased the average number of spikes/bin (p < 0.001). Furthermore, chrysin pre-treatment significantly decreased the levels of MDA, NO, and PGE2 (p < 0. 001), while increased the levels of GPX and the number of surviving cells in the hippocampal CA1 region (p < 0.01, p < 0.001; respectively). This study demonstrates that chrysin may have beneficial effects in the treatment of cognitive impairment and help recover the brain dysfunction induced by I/R.