Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

The protective effects of magnolol on acute trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid‑induced colitis in rats.

Abstract Source:

Mol Med Rep. 2018 Mar ;17(3):3455-3464. Epub 2017 Dec 20. PMID: 29286109

Abstract Author(s):

Yong Zhang, Li-Tang Fu, Fang Tang

Article Affiliation:

Yong Zhang


The present study aimed to investigate the protective effects of magnolol on acute 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS)‑induced colitis, and its underlying mechanisms. Experimental colitis was induced by intracolonic administration of TNBS/ethanol into rats. The model rats were randomly assigned into groups: TNBS, magnolol (high, medium and low doses), and salazosulfapyridine (positive control). All intervention regimens were administered by oral gavage, once a day for 7 consecutive days, 24 h after colitis induction. Histological and biochemical changes in colonic inflammation were evaluated by hematoxylin and eosin and immunohistochemistry, respectively. Rats treated with all doses of magnolol exhibiteddecreased colonic myeloperoxidase activity (P<0.05 vs. TNBS), reduced serum levels of proinflammatory cytokines [including interleukin (IL)‑6 and IL‑17], and downregulated Toll‑like receptor-4 (TLR‑4) mRNA expression. Histological analysis revealed that medium and high doses of magnolol conferred an anti‑inflammatory effect, which was indicated by a decrease in disease activity index, an increase in thymus index, and downregulation of nuclear factor (NF)‑κB p65 mRNA and TLR‑4 protein expression. However, only high‑dose magnolol significantly ameliorated the elevated colon weight/length ratio. The results of the present study indicate that magnolol exerts protective effects against acute TNBS‑induced colitis in rats, and the TLR‑4/NF‑κB signaling pathway‑mediated inhibitory effect on inflammatory cascades may contribute to the protective activity of magnolol.

Study Type : Animal Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2021 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.