Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

The protective effects of silymarin on ischemia-reperfusion injuries: A mechanistic review.

Abstract Source:

Iran J Basic Med Sci. 2019 Sep ;22(9):968-976. PMID: 31807239

Abstract Author(s):

Vahid Akbari-Kordkheyli, Kazem Abbaszadeh-Goudarzi, Mohaddeseh Nejati-Laskokalayeh, Setareh Zarpou, Abbas Khonakdar-Tarsi

Article Affiliation:

Vahid Akbari-Kordkheyli


Ischemia-reperfusion injuries (IRI) occur in different clinical conditions such as stroke, trauma, organ transplantation, and so on. Ischemia damages mainly arise from oxygen depletion in tissues. The lack of oxygen as the last acceptor of electron in the respiratory chain causes a decrease in ATP production and eventually leads to disruption of membrane transport, acidosis, cellular edema and membrane distortion of organelles, and cells. Reperfusion can intensify ischemic injuries by the infiltration of inflammatory cells and also oxygen and calcium overloading. Since the tissue antioxidant contents decreased due to increased generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) during IRI, the application of antioxidants is considered an appropriate strategy to ameliorate IRI. Silymarin constitutes about 70-80% of silybum marianum dry extract and is known as a strong free radical scavenger with anti-inflammatory properties. In several studies, silibinin as a major component of Silymarin could provide protective effects in various tissue IRI by different mechanisms such as scavenging free radicals, decreasing inflammatory cytokines, inhibiting cellular death, and increasing the expression of antioxidant enzymes. To clarify functional mechanisms, the present article evaluates studies about silymarin effects in different tissues IRI.

Study Type : Review

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2020 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.