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Abstract Title:

Pterostilbene influences glycemia and lipidemia and enhances antioxidant status in the liver of rats that consumed sucrose solution.

Abstract Source:

Life Sci. 2021 Mar 15 ;269:119048. Epub 2021 Jan 13. PMID: 33453246

Abstract Author(s):

Juliana Maria Bitencourt de Morais, Ellen Mayara Souza Cruz, Carlos Vinícius Dalto da Rosa, Roberta Carvalho Cesário, Jurandir Fernando Comar, Carolina Campos Lima Moreira, Luiz Gustavo de Almeida Chuffa, Fábio Rodrigues Ferreira Seiva

Article Affiliation:

Juliana Maria Bitencourt de Morais

Abstract:

AIMS: The present study investigated the potential effects of pterostilbene (PT) on glycemic and lipid profiles, fat storage, cardiovascular indices, and hepatic parameters of rats fed with sucrose solution.

MAIN METHODS: 24 male Wistar rats received either drinking water or a 40% sucrose solution over a period of 140 days. After this period, animals were randomly allocated into four groups (n = 6): Control (C), C + Pterostilbene (PT), Sucrose (S), and S + PT. Pterostilbene (40 mg/kg) was given orally for 45 consecutive days.

KEY FINDINGS: Pterostilbene did not influence morphometric and nutritional parameters. The insulin sensitivity index TyG was elevated in the C + PT group (p < 0.01) and reduced in S + PT group (p < 0.05). Basal glucose levels were lower in the S + PT group (p < 0.05), and the glycemic response was improved with PT treatment in glucose provocative tests. Conversely, rats from the C + PT group showed impaired glucose disposal during those tests. Lipid profile was partially improved by PT treatment. Hepatic oxidative stress in the S group was improved after PT treatment. In the C group, PT reduced SOD activity, glutathione levels, and increased catalase activity. Collagen content was reduced by PT treatment.

SIGNIFICANCE: PT effects depends on the type of diet the animals were submitted. In rats fed with sucrose-solution, PT confirmed its positive effects, improving glucose and lipid profile, and acting as a potent antioxidant. The effects of PT on rats that consumed a normal diet were very discrete or even undesirable. We suggest caution with indiscriminate consume of natural compounds by healthy subjects.

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