Puerarin alleviates unilateral ureteral obstruction-induced inflammation and fibrosis. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Puerarin Alleviates UUO-Induced Inflammation and Fibrosis by Regulating the NF-κB P65/STAT3 and TGFβ1/Smads Signaling Pathways.
Drug Des Devel Ther. 2021 ;15:3697-3708. Epub 2021 Aug 24. PMID: 34465981
Purpose: Puerarin (PR), a Chinese medicine rich in natural components, has been reported to display anti-fibrotic, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory properties. However, the protective mechanism of PR against unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO)-mediated renal injury is not fully clarified. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of PR on UUO mice and its possible mechanisms.
Methods: A total of 32 C57BL/6 mice were divided randomly into four groups (n=8): i) sham-operated group (Sham); ii) UUO group (UUO); iii) UUO + PR 50 mg/kg/day (UUO + PRL); and iv) UUO + PR 100 mg/kg/day (UUO + PRH). Continuous gavage administration for 14 days starting one week postoperatively, while the mice in Sham and UUO groups were given equal amounts of vehicle by the same means. All mice were then sacrificed and serum, 24-hour urine and tissue specimens were collected for renal function, histopathology, Western blot, immunohistochemistry.
Results: Renal function and histopathology revealed that PR improved UUO-mediated renal dysfunction and partially reversed tubular injury and tubulointerstitial fibrosis. Additionally, according to the results of Western blot and immunohistochemistry, PR inhibited the expression of inflammatory factors including IL-1β, IL-6, MCP-1 and ECM-related proteins including α-SMA, COL I and VIM. More importantly, the expression of fibrotic pathways TGF-β1, Smad3, p-Smad3 and inflammatory pathways NF-κB p65, NF-κB p-p65, STAT3, p-STAT3 were inhibited to various extents under the PR treatment, while Smad7 was upregulated.
Conclusion: These findings indicate that PR may inhibit the recruitment of inflammatory factors and extracellular matrix (ECM) deposition through the regulation of the NF-κB p65/STAT3 and TGFβ1/Smads pathways, which alleviates the UUO-induced inflammatory and fibrotic response, thereby reversing renal injury.