Puerarin sensitized K562/ADR cells by inhibiting NF-κB pathway and inducing autophagy. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Puerarin sensitized K562/ADR cells by inhibiting NF-κB pathway and inducing autophagy.
Phytother Res. 2020 Nov 3. Epub 2020 Nov 3. PMID: 33141989
Puerarin is an isoflavone isolated from Pueraria lobata (Willd.) Ohwi. In the present study, reversal effect and underlying mechanisms of puerarin on multidrug resistance (MDR) were investigated in K562/ADR cells. K562/ADR cells exhibited adriamycin (ADR) resistance and higher levels of MDR1 expression compared with K562 cells. Puerarin enhanced the chemosensitivity of K562/ADR cells and increased the ADR accumulation in K562/ADR cells. The expression levels of MDR1 were down-regulated by puerarin in K562/ADR cells. Luciferase reporter assay further demonstrated the inhibitory effect of puerarin on TNF-α-induced NF-κB activation. The phosphorylation of IκB-α was significantly suppressed by puerarin. In silico docking analyses suggested that puerarin well matched with the active sites of IκB-α. Moreover, a large number of autophagosomes were found in the cytoplasm of K562/ADR cells after puerarin treatment. The significant increase in LC3-II and beclin-1 was also observed, indicating autophagy induction by puerarin in K562/ADR cells. Puerarin induced cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in K562/ADR cells. Finally, puerarin inhibited phosphorylation of Akt and JNK. In conclusion, puerarin-sensitized K562/ADR cells by downregulating MDR1 expression via inhibition of NF-κB pathway and autophagy induction via Akt inhibition.