Abstract Title:

Protective effect of pyridoxal-5-phosphate (MC-1) on perioperative myocardial infarction is independent of aortic cross clamp time: results from the MEND-CABG trial.

Abstract Source:

Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2008 Aug;17(8):2136-45. PMID:18431346

Abstract Author(s):

M Carrier, R Emery, D E Kandzari, R Harrington, M C Guertin, J C Tardif


Full Citation: "AIM: Aortic cross-clamp time remains a significant marker of mortality and morbidity after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Pyridoxal-5-phosphate (MC-1), blocking purinergic receptors and intracellular influx of calcium, was shown to decrease the incidence of perioperative myocardial infarction in the prospective, randomized, double-blinded MC-1 to Eliminate Necrosis and Damage in CABG (MEND-CABG) clinical trial. METHODS: We studied the relationship between treatment with MC-1 and aortic cross-clamping relative to the incidence of cardiovascular (CV) death and myocardial infarction (MI) in the trial that enrolled 901 high-risk patients undergoing CABG with cardiopulmonary bypass. Patients were randomized to receive either placebo, MC-1 250 mg/day or MC-1 750 mg/day starting 3-10 h before CABG and continued for 30 days after surgery. Serial creatine kinase-myocardial band (CK-MB) determinations, ECGs and clinical evaluations were performed. RESULTS: Cross-clamping time increased the event rate of death and MI with an odds ratio (95% confidence interval) of 1.67 (1.17-2.37, P=0.0044). Treatment with MC-1 decreased the rate of events (P=0.0073) with odds ratios of 0.52 (0.31-0.88 for MC-1 250 mg/day versus placebo) and 0.48 (0.29-0.82 for MC-1 750 mg/day versus placebo). There was no interaction between cross-clamp time and treatment (P=0.61) on the occurrence of the combined endpoint. CONCLUSION: MC-1 decreased the incidence of CV death and MI (CK-MB >or=100 ng/mL) during the first 90 days after CABG in the MEND-CABG trial. Although longer aortic clamping time increased the risk of cardiovascular events, the protective effect of MC-1 was independent of ischemic time during CABG."

Additional Links

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.