Quercetin enhances the antitumor effect of trichostatin A and suppresses muscle wasting in tumor-bearing mice.
Food Funct. 2018 Jan 2. Epub 2018 Jan 2. PMID: 29292417
Quercetin, a flavonol, displays anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer properties. This study aimed to investigate whether a diet containing 0.1% or 1% quercetin (LQ and HQ, respectively) enhances the anti-tumor effects of trichostatin A (TSA) and prevents muscle wasting induced by TSA. The positive control group received quercetin intraperitoneally (IQ). Three weeks after injecting A549 cells, nude mice were given TSA alone or in combination with quercetin administered orally or intraperitoneally for 16 weeks. Tumor volumes as well as body, muscle and epididymal fat weights were determined during or after the experiment. Quercetin given as a diet supplement dose-dependently enhanced the anti-tumor potency of TSA (p<0.05). The enhancing effect of HQ was similar to that of IQ. HQ also significantly increased the expression of p53, a tumor suppressor, in tumor tissues compared with the TSA alone group. In addition, TSA-induced loss of gastrocnemius muscle weight was inhibited by oral quercetin in a dose dependent manner; the efficiencies of LQ and HQ were similar to or better than IQ. Moreover, both LQ and HQ decreased TSA-induced activation of Forkhead box O1 (FOXO1), a crucial transcription factor that regulates muscle wasting associated genes. Consistently, LQ and HQ suppressed muscle wasting associated proteins atrophy gene-1 and muscle ring-finger protein-1 expression as well as increased the myosin heavy chain level in the gastrocnemius muscles. Besides, quercetin attenuated TSA-increased oxidative damage and proinflammatory cytokines (p<0.05). These findings demonstrate that a diet containing 0.1% or 1% quercetin enhances the antitumor effect of TSA and prevents TSA-induced muscle wasting.