Quercetin improves endothelial insulin sensitivity in obese mice. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Quercetin improves endothelial insulin sensitivity in obese mice by inhibiting Drp1 phosphorylation at serine 616 and mitochondrial fragmentation.
Acta Biochim Biophys Sin (Shanghai). 2019 Dec 13 ;51(12):1250-1257. PMID: 31781748
Studies have shown that endothelial insulin resistance induced by oxidative stress contributes to vascular dysfunction in metabolic disorders. Quercetin, a natural antioxidant, has been recently shown to exert protective effects on endothelial function. However, the effects of quercetin on endothelial insulin resistance and its underlying mechanism are unclear. Here, we found that chronic oral treatment of obese mice with quercetin increased vascular endothelial insulin sensitivity, accompanied by alleviated mitochondrial fragmentation as revealed by confocal imaging. In addition, western blot analysis showed that quercetin treatment suppressed the levels of dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1) and phosphorylation at serine 616 in endothelial cells of obese mice. Mechanistically, quercetin specifically suppressed Drp1 phosphorylation at serine 616, whereas it showed little effects on the Drp1 level and its phosphorylation at serine 637 in cultured endothelial cells under oxidative stress. Furthermore, our results also showed that quercetin suppressed Drp1 phosphorylation at serine 616 by inhibiting PKCδ as revealed by western blot analysis. Knockdown of PKCδ with siRNA alleviated the protective effects of quercetin on endothelial-mitochondrial dynamics and insulin sensitivity. These results suggest that chronic oral treatment with quercetin exerts endothelial protective effects through inhibition of PKCδ and the resultant mitochondrial fragmentation.