Quercetin radiosensitizes non-small cell lung cancer cells through the regulation of miR-16-5p/WEE1 axis.
IUBMB Life. 2020 Feb 6. Epub 2020 Feb 6. PMID: 32027086
BACKGROUND: Quercetin, a widely distributed bioflavonoid, plays a role in combating diverse human cancers including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, the role of quercetin in reversing the radioresistance of NSCLC cells and its underlying mechanism are far from being elucidated.
METHOD: Radiation-resistant NSCLC cell lines were established. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) was used to detect the expression of miR-16-5p and WEE1 G2 checkpoint kinase (WEE1) mRNA in radiation-resistant cells. After being treated with different concentrations of quercetin and different doses of X-ray, cell proliferation and apoptosis were monitored by CCK-8 assay, colony formation assay, and flow cytometry, respectively. Ultimately, the targeting relationship between miR-16-5p and WEE1 was verified via a dual fluorescent reporter gene assay.
RESULTS: The expression of miR-16-5p was down-regulated in radiation-resistant cells, while the expression of WEE1 was up-regulated. Quercetin enhanced the radiosensitivity of NSCLC cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Furthermore, quercetin treatment increased the expression of miR-16-5p and decreased the expression of WEE1. The function of quercetin was reversed by miR-16-5p inhibitors or the transfection of WEE1 overexpressing plasmids.
CONCLUSION: In conclusion, quercetin enhanced the radiosensitivity of NSCLC cells via modulating the expression of miR-16-5p and WEE1.