Radiotherapy was associated with an increased risk of second non-breast cancers. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Radiotherapy for ductal carcinoma in situ and risk of second non-breast cancers.
Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2017 Jul 25. Epub 2017 Jul 25. PMID: 28744752
Diana R Withrow
PURPOSE: Radiotherapy for ductal carcinoma (DCIS) is increasing, but the risks and benefits of the treatment remain uncertain. We aimed to investigate the relationship between radiotherapy for DCIS and risk of second non-breast cancers in a large US cohort.
METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 52,556 women in 12 U.S. population-based cancer registries diagnosed with first primary DCIS during 1992-2008 at age 25-79 years. We estimated relative risks (RRs), attributable risks (AR), and excess absolute risks (EAR) of second non-breast cancers associated with radiotherapy using Poisson regression adjusted for age at year of diagnosis, grade, hormonal therapy (yes/no or unknown), and time since diagnosis.
RESULTS: Approximately half of the women (46.3%) received radiotherapy. Radiotherapy was associated with an increased risk of all second non-breast cancers combined [RR 1.17, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.08-1.28] and all in-field, radiation-related second cancers combined (RR 1.37, 95% CI 1.15-1.63), driven by second lung cancers (RR 1.33, 95% CI 1.10-1.60) and non-CLL leukemia (RR 1.71, 95% CI 1.02-2.86). The estimated cumulative excess risk of all second non-breast cancers was 0.8% by 15 years after DCIS diagnosis.
CONCLUSIONS: Radiotherapy was associated with an increased risk of second non-breast cancers. The specific excess of cancers at sites likely in/near the radiotherapy field suggests the findings are unlikely due exclusively to confounding, but further research into factors related to receipt of radiotherapy is needed. Our risk estimates can be used to help assess the balance of the risks and benefits of radiotherapy for DCIS and to inform clinical practice.