Abstract Title:

Ramulus mori polysaccharide-loaded PLGA nanoparticles and their anti-inflammatory effects in vivo.

Abstract Source:

Int J Biol Macromol. 2021 Jul 1 ;182:2024-2036. Epub 2021 Jun 1. PMID: 34087293

Abstract Author(s):

Zian Feng, Song Peng, Zhiyong Wu, Lina Jiao, Shuwen Xu, Yu Wu, Zhenguang Liu, Yuanliang Hu, Jiaguo Liu, Yi Wu, Deyun Wang

Article Affiliation:

Zian Feng


In this study, ramulus mori polysaccharide (RMP) was encapsulated into Poly (lactic-co-glycolicacid) (PLGA) to form PLGA-RMP (PR). The aim of study is to investigate anti-inflammatory effects of PR. The particle size of PR nanoparticles was approximately 205.6 ± 1.86 nm. PR nanoparticles showed significant therapeutic effects on colitis mice model, evidenced by attenuation of the loss of body weight, reduction of the DAI score, and restoration of the colon length. From the histopathological analysis, alleviation of the histopathological damage, lessproduction of IFN-γ and IL-6, and improvement of IL-10 were observed with the treatment of PR. Meanwhile, the treatment of PR not only promoted the expression of ZO-1 and occludin, but also improved the contents of acetate, propionate, and butyrate in the colitis colon. Furthermore, PR extenuated the reduction of the diversity and richness of gut microbiota induced by DSS, and decreased the ratio of Firmicutes to Bacteroidetes while increasing the proportion of Clostridium XIVa, Mucispirillum, and Paraprevotella in the gut microbiota. What's more, PR nanoparticles attenuated the metabolic disorders in the colitis colon induced by DSS. These results indicated that PR nanoparticles could serve as a potent nanomedicine to treat IBD and be used as potential prebiotics.

Study Type : Animal Study

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