Recovery of bioactive compounds from white grape (L.) stems as potential antimicrobial agents for human health.
Saudi J Biol Sci. 2020 Apr ;27(4):1009-1015. Epub 2020 Mar 2. PMID: 32256161
The grape is a matrix rich in bioactive compounds and its production generates large quantities of by-products, such as grape stems, which, to date, present low commercial value. However, there is a growing interest in the application of this material as a source of phenolic compounds. Therefore, the present study aims at assessing the phytochemical profile of (poly)phenolic extracts of white Portuguese grape stem varieties produced in the(Portugal). The antioxidant activity determined by several assays, as well as the antimicrobial activity using the disc diffusion method against human gastrointestinal pathogenic bacteria of the hydromethanolic extracts, were evaluated. This work presents very positive results as the rich composition in phenolic compounds (94.71-123.09 mg GAand 0.02-73.79 mg gfor the total phenol content and for individual phenolics, respectively) presented by grape stems can explain the high antioxidant (0.37-1.17 mmol Trolox g) and antimicrobial activities against, essentially, Gram-positive bacteria, and in some cases with higher efficacy than commercial antibiotics. Thus, demonstrating that this wine by-product should deserve greater attention from the pharmaceutical industries due to its excellent biological properties and characteristics not yet applied.