Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Red yeast rice ameliorates high-fat diet-induced atherosclerosis in Apoemice in association with improved inflammation and altered gut microbiota composition.

Abstract Source:

Food Funct. 2019 Jul 17 ;10(7):3880-3889. PMID: 31187839

Abstract Author(s):

Yanhan Dong, Huimin Cheng, Ying Liu, Meilan Xue, Hui Liang

Article Affiliation:

Yanhan Dong


Gut microbiota plays an important role in many metabolic diseases and has been linked to cardiovascular disease, including atherosclerosis. Clinical studies suggest that red yeast rice (RYR) has the potential to reduce blood lipid levels. However, the mechanisms under which RYR regulates atherosclerosis by affecting the composition of the gut microbiome have not been elucidated. In the current study, results showed that treatment with RYR significantly decreased the plaque formation and levels of cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) compared with the atherosclerotic model group which were fed with a high-fat diet. In addition, the height of enteral villus in the red Monascus group was increased, indicating that RYR can improve the intestinal barrier function. Further analysis revealed that RYR might attenuate atherosclerosis through inhibiting hydroxy methylglutaryl-CoA reductase and the consequent inflammatory signaling pathways mediated by TLR2 and TLR4. Moreover, the RYR treatment led to significant structural changes on the intestinal microbiota of high-fat diet-fed mice and reduced the relative abundance of Alistipes and Flavonifractor that exhibited positive relationships with the plasma levels of cholesterol and LDL. Collectively, these findings illustrated that RYR could significantly protect against atherosclerosis, which was possibly associated with the alterations in the gut microbiota composition.

Study Type : Animal Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.